Chronological Table

Chronological Table

B.C.

336. Assassination of Philip of Mecedon and accession of Alexander.

335. Alexander in Thrace and Illyria.

334. Alexander starts on his Persian campaign. Battle of Granicus.

333. Battle of Issus. Conquest of Cilicia. The Greek era begins.

332. Siege and capture of Tyre. Alexander conquers Egypt.

331. Foundation of Alexandria. Settlement of Syria. Alexander occupies Babylon, Susa, and Persepolis.

330. Alexander at Ecbatana.

327. Alexander invades India.

323. Alexander at Babylon. He dies there.

319. Syria annexed by Ptolemy.

312. Ptolemy crushes revolt in Cyprus.

312. Seleucus establishes himself in Babylon.

310. Ptolemy makes Cyprus an Egyptian possession.

301. Battle of Ipsus. Death of Antigonus.

300-250. Date of the author of Chronicles.

285-247. Ptolemy II. Philadelphus.

247-222. Ptolemy III. Eurgetes.

223-187. Antiochus III. the Great, King of Syria.

203. Capture of Jerusalem by Antiochus. (Jerusalem under domination, or suzerainty, of Syria for about a century from this date).

187-175. Seleucus IV. Philoptor, King of Syria.

180. Composition of Ecclesiasticus (?) (Ben Sira).

175. Accession of Antiochus Epiphanes, King of Syria.

168. Abomination of Desolation set up in the Temple of Jerusalem.

166-5. Revolt of the Jews: victories of Judas Maccabeaus, and re-dedication of the Temple.

161. Defeat and death of Judas at Eleasa.

158-142. Jonathan, brother of Judas, head of the Jewish revolt.

146. Carthage destroyed by the Romans.

142. Assassination of Jonathan.

142-135. Simon, brother of Jonathan, succeeds.

132. Translation of Ben Sira into Greek.

135-105. John Hyrcanus, head of Jewish State.

109-108. Hyrcanus destroys Shechem and the Samaritan temple on Gerizim.

105. Aristobulus I., King of Judea.

104-78. Alexander Janneaus, King of Judea.

78-69. Salome Alexandra, Queen of Judea.

68-63. Hyrcanus II., and Aristobulus II. Civil War.

63. Intervention of the Romans. Jerusalem surrenders to Pompey.

48. Caesar defeats Pompey at Pharsalus.

44. Assassination of Caesar.

40. Herod the Great, son of the Idumean Antipater, recognized by the Roman Senate as dependent King of Judea..

 

B.C.A.D.

27-14. Augustus. Revival of native religions in Rome.

 

A.D.

14-37. Tiberius. Persecution of Isis cult.

c. 40. Philo at Alexandria.

41-54. Claudius.

50. Christian Church established at Rome.

50-220. Gnostism

54-68. Nero.

64. Burning of Rome. Persecution of Christianity. (?) Martydom of St. Paul.

70. Fall of Jerusalem.

80-100. The “Didache.”

96. Second persecution of Christianity.

100. Josephus died.

115. Third persecution of Christianity.

117-138. Hadrian. Mithraism powerful.

160-220. Tertullian

177. Fourth persecution of Christianity under Marcus Aurelius.

180. Fifth persecution.

193-211. Septimius Severus. Isis, Osiris, Mithra worship current.

202. Tertullian joins the Montanists.

202-232. Origin mainly at Caesarea.

221-217. Caracalla. Universal citizenship in Empire.

235. Sixth persecution (Theban Legion). Attack on clergy.

250. Seventh persecution.

250. Plotinus. Neo-Platonism.

258. Eighth persecution.

261-268. Gallienus. Proclaimed toleration for Christianity.

270-275. Aurelian. Ninth persecution (so-called).

284-305. Diocletian. Division of the Empire.

303. Final persecution.

312. Battle of Milvian Bridge.

312-323. Licinius (East) and Constantine (West).

313. Edict of Milan gives toleration to Christianity which becomes the favoured religion of the Empire.

323-337. Constantine. Constantinople becomes capital of Empire.

325. Council of Nicea. Arian controversy begins.

336. First exile of Athanasius.

337. Arius dies.

340. Eusebius of Caesarea, historian and semi-Arian dies.

361. Julian. Restoration of Paganism.

362. Fourth exile of Athanasius.

363. Jovian. Restoration of Christianity.