Saints & Martyrs

BriefHistory

Saints & Martyrs

St. Aidan passed on 651
The Apostle of Northumbria, was the founder and the first bishop of the monastery on the Island of Lindisfarne. He is credited with restoring Christianity to Northumbria, being a Celtic/British orthodox Christian.

St. Augustine born early 6th century passed on 604
Apostle of the Englisc, a founder of the Englisc Church and a patron of England, being the first Archbishop of Canterbury being an orthodox Christian.

St. Bede, 620-664
Saint Bede, the venerable Bede, a Benedictine monk who lived virtually his whole life at the monastery of St. Peter of Monkwearmouth, Northumbria, wrote the book ‘The ecclesiatical history of the Englisc people’, being an Englisc orthodox Christian.

St. Boniface, 672-754
Apostle of the Germans, borne Wynfrith in Crediton in Wessex now Devon, a missionary in the Frankish Empire, an Englisc orthodox Christian.

St. Cedd, 620-664
The evangelist of the Middle Angles and the East Saxons, born in Northumbria and brought up on the Island of Lindisfarne by St. Aidan, he was a Celtic.

St. Columba, 521-597
Columba of Iona, Apostle of the Picts was an outstanding missionary among the Gaelic monks in Ireland, moved to Scotland/Pictland being granted the Island of Iona, which became his centre for evangelising the Picts. A Celtic/British orthodox Christian.

St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne, 634-687
Patron Saint of Northumbria and a patron of England. He was an outstanding man of Northumbrian origin becoming a hermit but a synod gave him bishopric of Lindisfarne, he did except this after some persuasion but he went back to his little Island when he could. He saw the transition from Celtic/British orthodoxy, which he was to Englisc orthodoxy.

King Edmund the Martyr, 962-978
Being King of the East Angles, he refused to give up his faith in the face of torture by the Danes who had captured him after the defeat of his army, he died a martyr.

 

King Edward the Martyr, 962-978
Being king of the Englisc he was murdered at Corfe Castle in Dorsetshire by a servant of his stepmother as he bent down to accept a drink offered to him after hunting on Purbeck heath. He defended the Church against magnates who wanted to take the lands from the church for their own profit.

 

St. Eilmer, The Flying Monk,

Eilmer of Malmesbury was first aviator c1005 A.D.                                                                                                                ‘He was a man of good learning for those times; of mature age and in his early youth had hazarded an attempt of singular temerity: he had by some contrivance fastened his hands and feet in order that he might fly as Daedalus, and collecting the air, on the summit of a tower, had flown a distance of a furlong (200m): but agitated by the violence of the wind and a current of air, as well as the consciousness of his rash attempt, he fell and broke both his legs and was lame ever after. He used to relate as the cause of the failure, that he forgotten  to provide himself with a tail’.                                                                                                                                                                                        The date of the flight can be judges fairly accurately as it is recorded that Eilmer saw Halley’s Comet in 989 and again in 1066. Assuming he had to be at least six to remember the comet, to make the flight in early youth suggests a date between 995 and 1010. Celebration of the millennium of the flight was held in Malmesbury in July 2010.                                                                                                                                                                                 Modern calculations by Paul Chapman of Bristol confirm the feasibility of the flight. Launching into the southwest wind his initial descent would enable him to gain sufficient speed so that he could ride the wind currents off the hillside. Lack of a tail would make continuing to head into the wind difficult and he would have been blown sideways to land where legend suggests – Oliver’s Lane.                                                                                                                                                                                          St. Felix passed on 647
Apostle of the East Angles he came from Burgandy who came over with Sigbert, the exiled son of Radwald the first Christian King of the East Angles when he returned. St. Felix did great missionary work, Felixstowe in Suffolk is named after him.

St. Hild, 614-680 Hilda of WhitbyLife of St. Hild

She was of royal birth but decided to become a nun becoming the founding Abbess of the Monastery at Whitby. She was of the Celtic/British orthodox persuasion but it was at her Abbey that the synod was held to decide who to follow Celtic/British orthodoxy or Englisc orthodoxy which was the one that was decided on. She was an outstanding woman whose advice was sort by Kings and Princes.

St. Lullus                                                                                                                                                                                         He was born in Wessex around 710 A.D. and was a monk in the Benedictine monastery at Malmesbury. While on a pilgrimage to Rome in 737 A.D., he met Saint Boniface and was persuaded by him to do missionary work in Germany. He joined the monastery at Fritziar where he prospered: he became  bishop of Mainz in 753 A.D. and a year later archbishop and so arch-chancellor of the embryo German Empire, second only to Boniface. Under Lullus the church flourished and expanded and the conversion of that part of Germany called Hesse Thuringia to Christianity was complete.                                                                                                                                                        Boniface is thought to have been born in Crediton, Devon about 675 A.D. and Christianed Winthrif Boniface. Crowned Pippa III in 675: he was the father of Charlemagne the Great, who became the first Holy Roman Emperor.                                                                                                                                                                                          So Lullus was at the heart of what gave rise to the German Empire and also to the Holy Roman Empire. Both institutions were to last for many centuries. Our boy from Malmesbury was a major player in the politics the of that time.                                                                                                                                                                                        He died on 16-10-786 and was buried in Bad Hersfeld where he is thought of as the founder of that city. His memory is still celebrated at the Lullusfest – the oldest-folk-festival in Germany.                                                        He was canonised on 07-04-852 A.D.