Clothing & Materials

BriefHistory

Clothing & Materials

There were two main materials for clothing wool and linen. Wool was sheared from the sheep in late spring and linen was produced from the flax plant harvested in autumn. The two processes used to obtain wool and linen cloth was very similar, except the flax fibres have to be beaten from the core of the plant using a flax hammer and a heckle is used instead of a wool comb. These are then produced into cloth by the use of a loom, a very important piece of equipment at first used by women but later on with developments men used the loom as it was more physical to use.

Clothing (Women)
Clothing for women in general but there was variants, women would have a long tunic dress with a belt or long braid around the middle, sometimes with a long woollen scarf wrapped around the shoulders and over the head, with linen under garments, whilst men used short tunics with thick woollen trousers, tying on their leather shoes with straps that criss-crossed up to their knees. They could have also a long linen band to wrap around their legs under the straps to protect them further, women had leather shoes in the form of a booty, under-garment were made of linen.

Leather
This is animal skins i.e. cows, oxen or sheep which are treated to become leather which has a multitude of uses, from leather buckets to shoes, gloves and belts.

Iron
This was crucial in their society to be able to produce iron out of iron ore found all round the country, a furnace was needed to produce the required heat to melt the ore a bellows was used the raise the heat still further, iron was used for weapons swords which had a steel edge a later development, arrow heads, chain mail, farm implements such as plough, scythe, hay fork, in cooking iron frying pans knives, chains.